Estienne’s Medical Lexicon, 1564.


Estienne, Henri. Dictionarium Medicum Vel, Expositiones Cocum Medicinaliu, ad verbum excerptae ex Hippocrate, Aretaeo, Galeno, Oribasio, Rufo Ephesio, Aetio, Alex. Tralliano, Paulo Aegineta, Actuario, Corn. Celso. Cum Latina interpretatione. Lexica duo in Hippocratem huic Dictionario praefixa sunt, unum, Erotiani, nunqua antea editu: alteru, Galeni, multo emendatius quàm antea excusum.

[Geneva]: Henri Estienne for Ulrich Fugger, 1564. First edition. pp. 608 [28]. 8vo. Bound in contemporary pigskin over pasteboard. Raised bands to spine, blind-tooled foliage and cameo decoration. Partial slice to leather at rear joint, edges worn; minor marginal foxing, early inscription to title page, restoration to corner of second page, lacks free endpapers. 19th-century bookplate of Albert Forbiger; Rush Medical College Library stamp on title and in text.

Henri Estienne II (Henricus Stephanus) was the grandson and namesake of the founder of the esteemed Estienne printing press, and succeeded his forebears as Printer to the King. Henri II distinguished himself by improving upon prior Latin translations of major Greek authors and newly translating others, likely influenced by his tenure under Aldus in Venice. This is the first edition of his Greek-Latin medical lexicon, including content Estienne translated from classical Greek authors, introducing classical medical concepts into Renaissance medical literature for the first time, and generating an enduring influence on anatomical terminology.  Renouard 121-3; USTC 450520.        

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